Sardegna

Regional detail

Location

The largest of the Islands west of the Tuscan coast.

Climate

Mediterranean with baking hot days and warm nights. Winters are short. Being an island the sea acts as a major climate influencer, mitigating cold weather and giving plants desperately needed humidity during the summer. Increasing precipitation this Millenium has seen the "advent" of peronospera as a problem.

Topography

Fairly flat all over the Island the north having more rolling hills. The north est, Vermentino country, is very hilly (over 1000m)

Soils

Many vines still find themselves in sandy, coastal locations. The north est is of granitic origin…. The secret to Gallura?

Average annual production

824.000 HL
Sardegna Placeholder
Sardegna

Grapes

Bovale

Description

Since being introduced by the Spaniards, Bovale has split into 2 clones: Bovale Grande and Bovale Sardo. Synonym for the 1st is Bovale di Spagna, while the 2nd Muristellu, Muristeddu, Bovaleddu and apparently resemembles Mourvedre. Good levels of colour and extract.

Principle Wines

Campidano di Terralba, Mandrolisai (major blend component). Isola dei Nuraghi (Kore Argiolas)
Cagnulari

Description

Of Spanish origin which has since evolved resembling Monastrell. Aka Bastardo Nero.

Principle Wines

Alghero
Canonau

Description

Sardegna's most planted black grape (20%) seemingly introduced by the Spanish during their domination around 300 years ago. Ampelographers are convinced it is the same as Grenache. Of medium vigour and potentially very productive and hence needing poor soils. There is a notable difference in quality between the alberello grape grown on hills producing wines of good structure and pepperiness and the higher production training systems on the flatlands which produce more supercial fruitier styles. The vast majority is grown in the south of the island.

Principle Wines

Canonau di Sardegna
Carignano

Description

Of Western Mediterranean origin (Carinena/ Manzuela in Spain and Carignan in France), almost certainly imported by the Spanish under their domination although some maintain it arrived first in Sardegna from the phonecians, then onto North Africa and subsequently Spain. Thrives on heat on the sandy flatlands where previously were alberello vines. Wines have deep colour and extract with low tannins, some can be too chewy. The main growing area is Sulcis in the south.

Principle Wines

Carignano di Sulcis
Giro'

Description

Giro' of Spanish origin makes sweet reds traditionally fortified, from low lying plains around Cagliari.

Principle Wines

Giro di Cagliari
Monica

Description

Sardegna's second most diffuse black grape. Ancient variety and sometimes known as Mora, Monaca. Wines are correct but not as exciting as some other Sardian grapes.

Principle Wines

Monica di saredna, Monica di Cagliari
Nasco

Description

White grape of ancient origin once grown all over the island now confined to the southern half, making all styles of wine from dry to liquoroso.

Principle Wines

Nasco di Cagliari
Nebbiolo

Description

See Piedmont

Principle Wines

See Piedmont
Nieddera, Nieddumanu

Description

Nieddu means black in Sardinian dialect. Aka Nieddumannu. Nieddera is grown varietally for the IGT Valle del Tirso. Jammy but vegetal fruit. Similar to Sicily's Perricone?

Principle Wines

Valle del Tirso
Nuragus

Description

Very productive, disease resistant white variety and hence very popular amoung growers.

Principle Wines

Nuragus di Cagliari
Pascale di Cagliari

Description

Said to be of Tuscan origin aka Barberone. Widely planted but usually in blended and used for homemade plonk..

Principle Wines

Nuragus di Cagliari
Sangiovese

Description

See Tuscany

Principle Wines

See Tuscany
Vermentino

Description

A fairly recent arrival to Sardinia, firstly arriving to Corsica through the Spanish in the 14th Century and then onto Liguria and finally arriving in Sardinia a little over 100 years ago.

Principle Wines

Vermentino di Gallura, Vermentino di Sardegna

Major Appellations DOCG/DOC

Cannonau di Sardegna DOC

Description

Grown all over Sardinia but has the following subzones: Capo Ferrato, Jerzu, Nepente di Oliena. Cannonau has undoubted relations with Grenache and Garnacha, although it is distinctly Sardinian. The tradition alberello training system which gives low yields of intense, sweet, alcoholic wines is being gradually repaced by wire trained system and more drinkable styles.

Principle Wines

Cannonau
Malvasia di Bosa DOC

Description

Produced in the province of Nuoro in the northwest of Sardinia, around the town of Bosa on the coast. The style of this white dessert wine is more oxidative than its Italian cousins of Recioto di Soave or Greco di Bianco for instance.

Principle Wines

Malvasia di Sardegna
Malvasia di Cagliari DOC

Description

Various styles are produced from fortified (liquoroso) to dry and naturally sweet, whose origins (as with the myriad of other Malvasie) are probably Greek, produced in the southern most part of Sardinia. Produced extensively in the southern half of the Island.

Principle Wines

Malvasia di Sardegna
Monica di Cagliari DOC

Description

Native to Sardinia, and extensively grown in the southern half of the Island, producing Sardinia's native red. Probably brought to the Sardinia by the Spanish

Principle Wines

Permitted Grapes
Monica di Sardegna DOC

Description

Similar to Monica di Sardegna but is usually a wine of a lesser structure. It is produced all over the Island

Principle Wines

Monica with some Pascale di Cagliari and Carignano
Moscato di Cagliari DOC

Description

Grown in the southern half of the island usually, alberello trained on the hot plains. Late harvested and dried – giving a sweet nectar.

Principle Wines

Moscato Bianco
Moscato di Sardegna DOC

Description

Grown all over the island and usually made in the sweet spumante version.

Principle Wines

Moscato Bianco
Vermentino di Gallura DOCG

Description

Grown extensively on the Mediterranean coast from Spain to Ligura and the Islands and of Spanish. First planted, fairly recently, in the Gallura part of Northern Sardinia where it expresses itself best. Here the mistral winds influence the growing season and the soils are dry and harsh. The wines minerality also due to granitic substrata. The superior white wine of Sardegna. Produces wines of peachy texture.

Principle Wines

Vermentino
Vermentino di Sardegna DOC

Description

The usual deniomination for the inferior Vermentino grown outside the Gallura area where lower yields and granitic soils cultivate a far superior grape. Here the wine simply lacks personality and the texture one searched for in the superior version.

Principle Wines

Vermentino
Vernaccia di Oristano DOC

Description

This is a small appellation around the town of Oristano in the west of the island. Nothing to do with the other Vernaccias of Tuscany and Alto Adge.. Vernaccia simply means local (Vernacular) and hence we assume it to be a native Sardian variety. Makes dry whites as well as sweet and liquoroso.

Principle Wines

Vernaccia di Oristano

Other Appellations DOCG/DOC

Alghero DOC (a multi DOC*)

Principle Wines

Cabernet, Chardonnay, Cagniulari, Sangiovese, Sauvignon, Torbato, Trebbiano, Vermentino
Arborea DOC (a multi DOC*)

Principle Wines

Sangiovese, Trebbiano
Campidano di Terralba or Terralba DOC

Principle Wines

Bovale di Spagna, Bovale Sardo
Carignano del Sulcis DOC

Principle Wines

Carignano del Sulcis DOC
Girò di Cagliari DOC

Principle Wines

Girò
Mandrolisai DOC

Principle Wines

Bovale Sardo, Monica, Cannonau
Moscato di Sorso Sennori DOC

Principle Wines

Moscato Bianco
Moscato di Sorso Sennori DOC

Principle Wines

Nasco di Cagliari DOC
Nuragus di Cagliari DOC

Principle Wines

Nuragus
Sardegna Semidano DOC

Principle Wines

Semidano

IGT Appellations

Colli del Limbara
Nurra or Nurra Algherese
Provincia di Nuoro or Nuoro
Barbagia
Isola dei Nuraghi
Marmilla
Ogliastra
Parteolla
Planargia
Romangia
Sibiola
Tharros
Trexenta
Valle del Tirso
Valli di Porto Pino