Emilia-Romagna

Regional detail

Location

The heart of Italy geographically and for food. Famous for cheap red sweet fizz: Lambrusco, being churned out by Italy’s biggest wineries. The reality is that Emilia Romagna produces some 1st class wines, both red and white.

Climate

Typical central Italian climate of hot summers and short winters. Emilia is more central and hence more continental and Romagna is closer to the Adriatic and more maritime, Mediterranean.

Topography

The Po has perhaps influenced this area the most with its vast flood plain and basin. To the south, towards Tuscany, the land rises towards the Appennines making more serious reds and whites.

Soils

Mixed with alluvuial influence from the Po especially on the plains and the provenance of most of the IGT wines, accounting for around 30% of the regions production

Average annual production

6,500,000 HL
Emilia-Romagna Placeholder
Emilia-Romagna

Grapes

Albana

Description

Ancient white variety mentioned in Pier d'Crescenzi of Bologna (1230-1310). Grows almost exclusively on the fotthills between Bologna and Rimini. Sub varieties called Albana Gentile or Albana di Bertinoro – produce the finest wines but have lower yields & smaller berries. Some sweet and interesting late harvest types also.

Principle Wines

Albana di Romagna, Colli Bolognesi
Barbera

Description

See Piemonte

Principle Wines

See Piemonte
barbera grape
Lambrusco Gasparossa

Description

"of the red stems", from around the village of Castelvetro, south of Modena on the lower slopes of the Apennines. Other sub-varieties more associated with volume production are Marianni, ontericco, Mastri and Grappello.

Principle Wines

Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro
Lambrusco Sorbara

Description

The most delicate, the most prized and the most pricey of the Lambrusco grapes, from the plains surrounding the village of that name to the North of Modena. Other sub-varieties more associated with volume production are:Marianni, Montericco, Mastri and Grappello.

Principle Wines

Lambrusco di Sorbara
lambrusco sorbara grape
Pignoletto

Description

White grape that makes considerable volumes in this region despite its obscurity internationally. Both frizzante and still.

Principle Wines

Colli Bolognesi
pignoletto grape
Pinot Bianco

Description

Named so for its sausage shape bunches – "little salami". From the village of Santa Croce, east of Sorbara. Salamino will often be planted in with Sorbara as the latter has pollination problems, though the wines are generally vinified apart. Other sub-varieties more associated with volume production are:Marianni, Montericco, Mastri and Grappello.

Principle Wines

Lambrusco Salamino di Santa Croce
Sangiovese

Description

See Tuscany

Principle Wines

See Tuscany
sangiovese grape

Major Appellations DOCG/DOC

Albana di Romagna DOCG

Description

This is THE noble wine of Emilia Romagna with a history reaching back to medieval times. The grapes are grown in the hills that stretch up to the Appennines south of Bologna towards Rimini. In its dry version, it is mineral and soft with a classic citrus character. Also comes in amabile (demi sec) sweet and passito versions

Principle Wines

Albana
Colli Bolognesi DOC (a Multi DOC*)

Description

Bianco - Albana & Trebbiano Romagnolo Varietal Wines - Barbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Pignoletto, Pinot Bianco, Riesling Italico, Sauvignon. Sub Apellations - Colline di Oliveto: Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay Spumante, Sauvignon; Colline di Riosto, Colline Marconiane, Monte San Pietro, Serravalle, Terre di Montebudello, Zola Predosa : Barbera, Cab Sauvignon, Pignoletto, Sauvignon

Principle Wines

Albana, Chardonnay, Trebbiano Romagnolo, Pignoletto, Pinot Bianco, Riesling Italico, Sauvignon,. Barbera, Bonarda, Cab Sauvignon, Merlot,
Colli Piacentini DOC (a Multi DOC*)

Description

Gutturnio: Barbera, 55-70%; Croatina, 30-45% Monterosso Val D'Arda: Malvasia di Candia and/or Moscato bianco, 20-50%; Trebbiano romagnolo and/or Ortrugo, 20-50%; Bervedino and/or Sauvignon Trebbianino Val Trebbia: Ortrugo, 35-65%; Malvasia di Candia and/or Moscato bianco, 10-20%; Trebbiano romagnolo and/or Sauvignon, 15-30%; Valnure: Malvasia di Candia, 20-50%; Ortrugo and/or Trebbiano romagnolo, 20-65% Vin Santo: Malvasia di Candia and/or Ortrugo and/or Sauvignon and/or Marsanne and/or Trebbiano romagnolo, 80%; other local white varieties, up to 20% Vin Santo di Vigoleno: Marsanne and/or Beverdino and/or Sauvignon and/or Ortrugo and/or Trebbiano romagnolo, 60%; : Barbera, Bonarda, Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio, Pinot Nero, Sauvignon

Principle Wines

Barbera, Bonarda, Chardonnay, Gutturnio, Malvasia, Ortrugo, Pinot Grigio, Pinot Nero, Sauvignon,Trebbianino Val Trebbia
Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro DOC

Description

From vineyards immediately to the south of Modena, this is always a frizzante in both red and rosé versions, dry and sweet.

Principle Wines

Lambrusco Grasparossa, 85%; other Lambrusco varieties and/or Fortana and/or Malbo gentile, up to 15%
Lambrusco Salamino di Santa Croce DOC

Description

From vineyards to the north of Modena, this is the most full-bodied of the Lambruscos and has the most intense aromas.

Principle Wines

Lambrusco Salamino, 90%; other Lambrusco varieties and/or Ancellotta and/or Fortana, up to 10%
Lambrusco di Sorbara DOC

Description

From vineyards immediately around Modena, this is always a frizzante in both red and rosé versions, dry and sweet.

Principle Wines

Lambrusco di Sorbara, at least 60%; Lambrusco salamino, up to 40%
Sangiovese di Romagna DOC

Description

Clearly the Romagnans claim that Sangiovese is indeed native to their land and was proudly named after an area called Monte Giove, hence deriving the name sanguis di jovis and eventually sangue di giove (jupiter's blood) and hence Sangiovese. The vineyards can be located in excellent expositions in the hills or on the vast, fertile plains and hence the variation in quality and style.

Principle Wines

Sangiovese
Trebbiano di Romagna DOC

Description

Simple, uncomplicated

Principle Wines

Trebbiano romagnolo

Other Appellations DOCG/DOC

Bosco Eliceo DOC

Principle Wines

Trebbiano romagnolo, Sauvignon and Malvasia bianca di Candia, Merlot, Fontana
Cagnina di Romagna DOC

Principle Wines

Refosco
Colli Bolognesi Classico Pignoletto

Principle Wines

Pignoletto, 85%; Pinot bianco and/or Riesling italico and/or Trebbiano romagnolo, up to 15%.
Colli d'Imola DOC (a Multi DOC*)

Principle Wines

Varbera, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pignoletto, Sangiovese, Trebbiano.
Colli della Romagna Centrale DOC (a Multi DOC*)

Principle Wines

Chardonnay, Bombino, Sauvignon, Trebbiano, Pinot bianco, Cabernet Sauvignon, Sangiovese, Barbera, Merlot , Montepulciano, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon
Colli di Faenza DOC (a Multi DOC*)

Principle Wines

Chardonnay, Pignoletto, Pinot bianco, Sauvignon, Trebbiano romagnolo, Cabernet sauvignon, Ancellotta, Ciliegiolo, Merlot, Sangiovese
Colli di Parma DOC (a Multi DOC*)

Principle Wines

Barbera, Bonarda, Croatina,Cabernet Franc, Lambrusco, Pinot Nero, Pinot Bianco, Chardonnay, Malvasia di Candia aromatico, Moscato bianco
Colli di Rimini DOC (a Multi DOC*)

Principle Wines

Trebbiano romagnolo, Biancame Mostosa, Sangiovese, Cabernet sauvignon, Merlot, Barbera, Montepulciano, Ciliegiolo, Terrano, Ancellotta, Cabernet sauvignon, Biancame, Pignoletto, Chardonnay, Riesling italico, Sauvignon, Pinot bianco, Müller Thurgau, Pignoletto, Biancame, Mostosa, Trebbiano romagnolo.
Colli di Scandiano e Canossa DOC (a Multi DOC*)

Principle Wines

Ancelotta, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Croatina, Lambrusco Grasparossa, Lambrusco Marani, Lambrusco Montericco, Malbo Gentile, Malvasia, Marzemino, inot Bianco, Pinot Grigio, Pinot Nero, Sauvignon, Sgavetta, Spergola
Pagadebit di Romagna DOC

Principle Wines

Bombino Bianco
Reggiano DOC (a Multi DOC*)

Principle Wines

Ancellotta, Lambrusco Salamino, Lambrusco Marani, Lambrusco di Sorbara, Malbo Gentile, Lambrusco Maestri, Lambrusco Montericco, Lambrusco Grasparossa, Sangiovese, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Marzemino, Lambrusco Oliva, Lambrusco Viadanese, Lambrusco a foglia frastagliata
Reno DOC

Principle Wines

Montù, Pignoletto, Albana, Trebbiano romagnolo
Romagna Albana Spumante DOC

Principle Wines

Albana

IGT Appellations

Bianco di Castelfranco Emilia
Emilia or dell`Emilia
Forlì
Fortana del Taro
Modena or Provincia di Modena
Ravenna
Rubicone
Sillaro or Bianco del Sillaro
Terre di Veleja
Val Tidone